Menstruation is a natural process. Every women of child bearing age goes through menstruation each month. The opposite of menstruation is menopause. Menopause means the permanent ending fo menstrual cycle. Usually, women face menopause at the age of forty. But the established range of age is forty to fifty five. When a woman reaches menopause, she looses her ability to conceive. Although menopause is a natural process, there are some additional health risks associated with it. It includes heart related problems as well as bones related problems. These two are the most dangerous problems. But there are also some other less serious health issues which dramatically affects the day to day life style.
Heart diseases and bone diseases are common in women after menopause, but they can easily be prevented. Both of the diseases are caused mainly by the deficiency of female sex hormones. There are various types of cholesterol. But LDL or low density lipoprotein and HDL or high density lipoprotein are important to us. LDL is also called the bad cholesterol as it increases the possibility of developing heart disease. HDL, on the other hand is called the good cholesterol as it decreases the risk. The female sex hormones are partly responsible for maintaining and regulating both these cholesterol. Without significant female cholesterol, the LDL quantity in our body increases and gives rise to diseases like heart attack and chest pain.
In order to avoid heart diseases, life style modification and changing eating habit is very much helpful. A low fat diet with a lot of vegetables and regular exercise is the best way to do so. Fresh fruits and high fiber grains are also useful. What we eat is converted into calorie. If the calorie intake is higher than the calorie expenditure, then the excess calorie is converted in to fat. Fat causes arteriosclerosis and chest pain.
Osteoporosis affects the bones of the body. The bones depend on calcium for their structural strength. Calcium deposition on bones depends on female sex hormones. Without these hormones, calcium deposition on bones decreases causing the bones to become weak and vulnerable to pressure. Osteoporosis is the most common cause of accidental fracture in older women. The usual fracture sites include hips, wrists and legs. Osteopetrosis also causes bone and joint pain, specially in the back.
To reduce the risk of osteoporosis, calcium and vitamin D rich diet is necessary. These two are the essential elements of bone formation and bone strength. The main problem with the disease is that it is slow and insidious. Often it is diagnosed after and unfortunate incidence of accidental fracture.
Apart from these two major diseases, women face many symptoms and diseases after menopause. Like – vaginal dryness, loss of sex drive, hot flash, anxiety, depression etc. There are some medications that can reduce the symptoms of menopause. HRT or hormone replacement therapy is the best choice among them. But, to counter the more serious symptoms, regular check up and follow up in necessary.